Garlic - Allium sativum

Brief history

Garlic probably originated in Siberia. Documents show that it was being cultivated in China five thousand years ago. Ancient civilisations recognised the importance of garlic for its health-giving properties. Labourers building the pyramids at Giza in Egypt received a daily ration of garlic, onions and bread to keep them strong and healthy and garlic cloves were found in the tomb of Tutankhamun. Ancient Greeks believed that eating garlic made you brave and strong and so gave it to their warriors and athletes. Healers in Ancient India used garlic to treat digestive problems and to rub on wounds, cuts and bruises. From Anglo-Saxon times wild garlic (Allium ursinum, also known as ramsoms) has been used to flavour vegetable stews.